· Cash is distributed to them to

·        
Introduction

The
healthy, hunger free kids Act was made to make
strides the starvation security
and sustenance
for children. The approaches made
served as a frame
of establishment
for the wholesome programs planned
for children. The national school lunch program, the special Supplemental nutrition
program for newborn children, Infants and women, the breakfast
program, the Child and Adult Care Food
Program(CACFP), the summer nourishment benefit
Programs and numerous
more all acted as programs included in the set approaches.
These programs extended to get children who were
at risk of obesity through school snacks, breakfast and after school programs/care. Two noteworthy
groups
that was naturally
given access  were foster children and children who fell beneath the community qualification
benchmarks
particularly
in communities with high poverty
rates.

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Government organizations
were given grants
to grow
the programs which included those who were qualified
for free or reduced lunch. This created an extraordinary competition
between the state organizations on who gets these grants. This control allowed
WIC organizations
the choice
to certify the children up to one year compared to when they were 6-months old.
The enactment
allowed
the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) duties
which permitted
them to audit
food items that
was given beneath
the WIC program. Under this regulation the CACFP was also
set up to
supply nutritious suppers and snacks to qualified children who are enlisted
at a child care center, family child care homes, afterschool programs, and destitute
covers. Cash is distributed
to them to aid advance
physical action
and restrain
the indoor exercises
such as watching TV and so on. The USDA and the U.S. Department of Health
and Human Services (HHS) work together to help get state organizations
to include sustenance
strategies
and child wellness measures
in their child care permitting necessities.
This enactment
tended to
different
components
to make a framework
that permitted
children to get
meals and offer
assistance with different
issues happening
in children like obesity.

This
Act has been constantly revised to meet/ reach the goals and objectives of the Health,
Hunger-free Kids Act of 2010 which is the reason for the constant revisions in the
meal pattern. The rule will require day care centers to serve more whole grains
and a superior
assortment
of fruits and vegetables. This will diminish
the sum
of any included
sugar or fats in the meals provided. Furthermore, the new revisions go on to support
breastfeeding mothers and improve the consistency between WIC and other child
nutrition programs. These modifications were made to give security for the children, beginning
eating propensities
at early stages, and to make
strides that will improve wellness of the adult participants. This paper will
address the foundation
of the modern
corrections,
the tended needs,
the alternatives,
stakeholders, the apportion
of funds, and the impacts
and proficiency
of the new revisions.

·        
Background

            Under
the Healthy, Hunger Free Kids Act, these provisions were made L. 111-296
requires school areas to continuously increment paid lunch charges so that the income
produced is equal to the sum reimbursed by the government. P.L. 111-296 was signed
into law by president Obama on December 13th, 2010, this gives the USDA
authority to set up nutritional guidelines for the School Lunch and Breakfast
programs, they also have the power to set sustenance measures for all nourishment
items sold on school grounds. Furthermore, the USDA has been given control over
food security and is required to create rules for reviewing or putting regulatory
holds on suspect food items (USDA,2010). this law extends get to the School
Lunch program in a few ways as well as giving funds and control to test ventures
and test ways to increase its access. Beneath this enactment, Foster children ended
up categorically qualified for the School Lunch program, Partitioned paper
applications are no longer essential to be part of the School Lunch and Breakfast
programs. On January 31, 2011, the USDA dropped “Memo to the States” sketching
out modern rules with respect to qualification for these children. These foster
children must either be formally set by a state child welfare office or by a
court. Furthermore, foster children can be included in the family calculation
for the families they are living with. However, having a foster child in the family
does not naturally make the other children in the family qualified for the
School Lunch and School Breakfast programs. Finally, the law permits awards for
growing school breakfast programs, subject to accessible allotments.  grants given schools is either $2 million or
the number of schools with at least 75 percent of students qualifying for free
or reduced lunch increased by $10,000. Schools are qualified to compete for
these awards, which are conveyed on a competitive basis. The state then gives these
grants/funds to sub-recipients, which are qualifying schools or groups.

On
January 15th, 2015, the food and nutritional services made a few
changes to help breastfeeding mothers create an awareness and access to various
whole grains, fruits and vegetables. One fundamental
reason was
to improve on the day by day exercises at day care centers and other childcare
programs and expand on
the rules
that direct
the eating propensities
by considering children beneath
5 years old. To see how successful the changes made were, FNS created a feedback portion on their site to
track down the impacts
of their proposed changes. The final rule was set
up through the input
given. Most people
had concerns with the cost, the increment in authoritative
work and the time the changes were made effective. This was dealt with
by giving
fundamental
training through
FNS and it was made mandatory
for the staff to be taught on ways to improve healthy eating, physical exercises
and ways to get guardians
involved in
the lifestyle of their children.

·        
The
Need

            Throughout the years children have
been the ones to face and experience under nutrition, food scarcity, and
prenatal feeding practices. These are known to be complications that affects a
child’s wellbeing. Obesity is considered one of the most common diseases that affects
a child’s wellbeing. It is defined as the abnormal or excessive fat that impairs
an individual’s health(WHO,2013). With the implementation of the Healthy,
Hunger free kids Act, this will give USDA the authority to set modern guidelines
on foods sold during lunches, including vending machines this will Authorize extra
reserves for the modern benchmarks for federally-subsidized school lunches, it will
go on to provide assets for schools and communities to utilize nearby ranches
and gardens to supply new produce such as fresh fruits and vegetables, gives resources
to quality foods given by USDA, sets least guidelines for school wellness
policies to either serve nonfat or 1 percent milk.

In
2002 a research and study made by FITS on toddlers and infants dietary patterns
indicated that children at this stage consumes a mass amount of inappropriate,
energy dense and poor nutrients foods. The data went on to explain that about 20%
of infants consumed fruits and vegetables on a regular day compared to fried
foods such as French fries. (Birch, Savage and Ventura) with the trends in this
data, eating patterns continues to worsen throughout childhood years to
adolescence.  It is believed that when a
child is hungry it affects the wellbeing of the child. Some effects include the
cognitive development, neurodevelopment and their physical growth. Based on
studies made, there has been an association between children from the low
poverty community to be the ones affected with hunger and develop these
effects. The early years of a child’s life is considered one of the most crucial
moments because that is when they learn to retain information and behaviors of others
Starting a child off at this stage with the right foods, breastfeeding and
formula will help them develop their eating habits and avoid becoming
overweight or obese. I believe with the implementation of the Law and above-mentioned
resources children will develop and live a healthy lifestyle.

·        
Stakeholders

Based
on this regulation the stakeholders will be professional organizations, state
agencies and advocacy groups whose goal was to recommend implantations and
maintain changes made in the act. other agencies such as the HHS, WIC and AASD
and many more (FNS 2017) will be considered as one, also health professionals
teachers, parents, food industries, academia and some interest group were all
included in the revised and final rule of the act.  Training is provided in each
state to train individuals on the importance of healthy foods in school since many
schools had concerns with the transition into the new requirements the final
rule offered.

With
the implementation of this rule many daycare and child care programs had
concerns about this. They believed that some children are picky eaters and some
eating habits are developed at home. Although the regulation requires centers
to follow certain criteria, children at home can consume as many calories as
the want at home and it leads to health complications such as obesity that many
kids face today. In 2008 the FNS decided pay close attention to various health
complications associated with children by using a comprehensive assessment
known as the Feeding infants and Toddlers study(FITS) to address these issues
and it was concluded that if children are introduced to healthy eating habits
early they have a better chance of sticking with the habits throughout their
lifetime.

·        
Alternatives

Some alternatives include The subsidizing,
this is given to a student based on the area they live and also the rate of
free and reduced-price qualified students Also, numerous states and school areas
provides benefits for children who are affirmed for free or reduced cost lunch,
such as qualification for pre-school programs or transportation and charge
waivers for testing, field trips, or reading material.

Another
component was that food shortage was one of the fundamental things that most
communities bargain with. This came into play when the recession t hit the U.S,
in reaction to this, Congress passed the Healthy, Hunger Free Kids act in 2010
to increment and progress on the Child food programs. The CACFP moreover, made
a difference by giving out school meals to the region of require. The chart underneath
demonstrates that’s Information retrieved from the USDA states that there was
an increment sum of meals given in child care centers/programs expanded based
on the changes made in the act. The main goal congress had for passing this act
was to provide more meals to kids. CACFP contributed by giving 50% of kids
access to free and reduced lunches and provided healthy snack options to
students who were all eligible. This commitment helped solve one of the major
components that was affecting kids which was the fact that they weren’t eating
enough or were not provided with enough food. 
With these changes, kids were given a good amount of food to fill them
up but however it did not slow down the obesity rates as well as the lack of
nutrients in the food. This later led to the revision of the act in 2016.

The
one goal of this revision was to limit the amount of junk food intake. By this,
the government officials created vending machines with healthier snacks in
them, they also increased the budget to help provide better meals to school.

·        
Cost

FNS
moreover tended to the concerns of the open by making a motivating force for
the changed criteria. They made beyond any doubt that all the dietary prerequisites
are being met to guarantee that children are accepting the essential supplements
required to be sound. However, it appeared that the more advantageous food choices
were known to be costly. To get schools to take after the meal design necessities
an extra 6 cents was included per feast to the dinner repayment for the school
programs that taken after these controls. This caused a misconception between
school authorities that had issues with the paid lunch value due to the expanded
cost of snacks. A few communities that did not drop beneath the destitution
level had increments in their lunch making it harder for them to pay the repayment
motivation. Some students lived in low income communities that had programs
such as free and decreased snacks which taken after the FNS healthy necessities.
CBO also stated that implementing this bill will cost $35.9 billion over the 2011-2015
() and most of these costs will derive from the reauthorization of WIC.

·        
Reflection

In conclusion, the
Healthy Hunger Kids Program is a great foundation for the children because it
sets the tone on what is acceptable to live a great and healthy lifestyle.it addresses
the need of children such as calorie requirements, the intake of sodium, fats and
the importance of eating while grains fruits and vegetables. This is done with the
help of the USDA through set guidelines, trained professionals and school programs
such as reduced lunches. I believe with the implementation of this Act there will
be less obesity rates as well as chronic disease associated to lack unhealthy