1 Running head: ABORTION ABORTION 3 Abortion Name Institution Articles on Abortion The purpose of these two articles is to examine what people believe about the use of abortions to end a pregnancy. Both articles are written in a manner that supports the woman s choice to choose whether to end a pregnancy. Yet, each does it in a different manner. The first article looks mainly at the differences between the United States and Mexico s use of drugs to end pregnancy despite their legal and ethical differences on the idea of abortion. The second article talks about the stigma that women face when deciding whether to have an abortion or ultimately go through with it. These two articles examine the relation of why women choose to go through with an abortion. It is important for us to understand, despite our own ethical beliefs why one would choose to participate in an abortion by drugs or seeing a doctor. By understanding the reasoning behind ones decisions, we can either agree or defend our opposite viewpoint. The first article, in the National Women s Health Network magazine, is written by Amy Allina who is the deputy director of the National Women sHealth Network, a nonprofit organization that works to improve the health of all women by influencing health policy and supporting informed consumer decision making in health care. In her article, she references multiple times facts that are provided from the World Health Organization. When it comes to the author s reliability one can see that the author is clearly not against a woman taking a drug to abort a pregnancy Allina 6 . This is made clear by her comparing a woman preferring to have a home birth to another woman preferring to take a drug to end a pregnancy without seeing a health care provider. She states pregnant women who want to give birth at home get the information and support they need to act on that choice. Similarly, a women might prefer to take a drug to end a pregnancy without seeing a health care provider, even if the drug is less effective than what she would get at a clinic Allina pg. 4 . The author does not even state about choosing not to end a pregnancy and the consequences that woman can face after doing so. This article states that abortion contradicts the values of human preservation. It goes against the values of all societies because it breaks the chain of procreation. Essentially, societies exist to do many things, one of the primary ones being preservation by giving birth to and raising children as the future of the community. Abortion disallows this by denying fetuses a chance of life. This magazine article is relevant to the idea that there are many ways women choose to end a pregnancy. This magazine article was published in the July/August issue of this year. This gives the reader recent up to date information about the topic at hand. Not only did the author used WHO within her article, but referenced the Food and Drug Administration. She argues that abortion is not an alternative to contraception. In fact, the idea that the right to abortion goes against the autonomy of the woman ignores the fact that the control should include measures to prevent the risk of getting unwanted pregnancy. Such an autonomy controls the abstinence and the prompt and responsible use of contraception. Feminist ideals of autonomy can, thus, not be limited to understanding the responsibility of the individual woman to her body. They must also be understood for what they mean to the woman in regards to her body before getting pregnant. Still, such ideals cannot be removed from the fact that the female body as a concept is the carrier of the unborn child and, thus, the haven of life for society. Such a responsibility is not mundane, at least in the broader scheme of social ideals and norms. She also says that abortion should be seen as denying the woman autonomy over her body because it limits her options, at least biologically Allina 7 . The main point of this article was to tell women about what they can learn from self-use of medication not only in the United States but in other countries like Mexico. The second article, which is peering reviewed, was written by several authors: Kate Cokrill, who is a research analyst, Ushma D. Upadhyay, an assistant research scientist, and Diana Greene Foster, an associate professor. Janet Turan is an associate professor at the University of Alabama at Birmingham Cockrill, Upadhyay, Turan & Foster, 2013 . The authors have several references listed ranging from their own personal writing to books and internet sources written by other scholars. This article also seems to have a bias like the previous as they are also seemingly for women choosing to have abortions. The key point of the article was to evaluate clinically the stigma that women had to face when choosing to have an abortion or even after they have it and how to fix it. The scale that was developed was used to evaluate the efficacy of initiatives aimed at reducing stigma, including programs within clinics, post-abortion talk-lines, and online or in-person support groups Cockrill, Upadhyay, Turan & Foster, 2013, pg. 87 . This article proves my idea that people have many different views on the same topic of abortion. This article was created and put together in June of 2013. Like the previous article, it is still fairly recent, and not much has changed with the stigma surrounding women and abortions. The authors used many sources and some that were their own from previous works. Deciding whether or not one finds that credible you have to look at what each writer s credentials are and if they have the knowledge to support their own ideals. This article also argues that abortion is an act against nature and exposes the woman to medical complications later in life. The chances of a miscarriage increase significantly, as the chances of getting ectopic pregnancies and diseases, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, do. One also runs the risk of stress and psychological pain. The risk of psychological distress alone increases significantly. This damage to the long-term emotional and physical health of women is a sufficient ethical reason to oppose abortion. This article says that the induced abortions go against the law of the land and, thus, lack the legal backing to be done correctly in the basic healthcare system. Being illegal means in most places abortions are procured in unsanitary conditions exposing the woman to infections and other risks. Although the social acceptance of abortion in American is higher than in most places, it is still looked down upon, meaning that most people will seek abortions secretly to avoid the social stigma. This can affect the post-procedure health care as the woman may be unwilling to seek any further assistance Cockrill, Upadhyay, Turan & Foster, 2013 . The main point of this article is to show other researchers working on abortion stigma in other countries a new way of classifying stigma based on their research through their surveys and table data. Both articles give different types of treatments surrounding abortion. The first article talks about the choices or options to having an abortion and the other the options for women after they have one. After reading both different, but similar articles, I felt like the second one is better suited for academic work. In that article, the author talks about the stigma which brings up the issue of ethics of all people when it comes to the idea of abortion. Both deal with the issue of abortion because some believe that it is wrong and unethical and others believe it is a woman s choice. The second article takes it all a step further and focuses on those people s beliefs and expands to try and learn the difference of stigma on abortion in different countries by finding out more about the women themselves. This gives one a deeper look into why someone would choose to have an abortion based on the scale and in what ways they can be helped. Unlike the first article, it examines more of how can we help women rather than what ways of giving them access to different abortion methods. Conclusion Even though it has been decriminalized in most places, abortion is still wrong. It does not give the woman autonomy over her body because it is not an alternative to contraception and abstinence. It also does not protect the child from anything. In fact, it exposes the child to unwarranted pain and suffering as he or she is being killed while in the womb. The effects of abortion do not simply end once the fetus is removed; the mother still undergoes psychological distress as a result of her actions, and there is a possibility of post-procedure effects, such as miscarriages. Abortion affects the mother, the family unit, and the larger social structures. Social values that value the sanctity of life as the fundamental starting point of life in society further devalue and ostracize those who take away life. On top of this, abortion goes against the basic social norms and religious beliefs that emphasize on protecting the sanctity of life. It also goes against the basic freedoms of every person, especially the right to life. Most religious and social doctrines argue for the sanctity of life from a slightly different perspective. The essence of a higher being is such that only God, in Christianity and other monotheistic religions, has the power and the right to take a life. Life is seen as sacred because it emanates from a sacred being, an important position when considering the chain of life, it affects the individual and how he or she relates to life. It is a sin to take away another s life as it contradicts the position of religious systems that emphasize on protecting life as a way of respecting God. In conclusion, abortion is morally wrong because it denies the child the chance to a life. It equates to murder by the pregnant woman who seeks an abortion and the medical practitioner who performs it. References Allina, A. 2014, August . Women Taking Abortion Pills on Their Own. National Women’s Health Network, 4-7. Cockrill, K., Upadhyay, U., Turan, J., & Foster, D. 2013 . The Stigma of Having and Abortion: Development of a Scale and Characteristics of Women Experiencing Abortion Stigma. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health,45 2 , 79-87.