Abstract Peter Eisenman designed and built in

Abstract

This essay will examine how
the architects below deal with creation and space and place; the project will
inform you how the following architects: Peter Eisenman, Rem Koolhaas and Paul
Rudolph integrated the use of creation and space and place in their designs.

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Creation

Creation is defined as
something or someone that is created and brought into existence; for example,
humanity because some people believe that humans were created by God. Another
example of creation is when the universe was created. There are many theories
on how the world was created, the two most popular methods that people believe
is that God created the universe or was created by the big bang. 

Peter Eisenman was an
enthusiastic young architect that graduated in Cornell which then went onto
taking a master’s degree in Cambridge. After graduating from Cambridge Peter
Eisenman came in contact with people like Collin Rowe, after meeting Rowe,
Peter Eisenman then understood or was aware that architecture wasn’t as well
known to people. After realising Peter Eisenman, “it would thereafter be
his goal to carry out the objectives of the modern movements and bring modern
architecture to its fullness” this means that Peter Eisenman created a
goal for himself to allow the people of the public to understand and
acknowledge the true meaning of modern architecture. At the time of when Peter
Eisenman was a professor, he met a courageous young man named “Michael
Graves” who shared the same passion as himself. So they both “studied
the work of Le Corbusier and the writing of Giuseppe Terragni”.

Peter Eisenman developed his
unique style through the conception of his early architectural projects was
called “House II” which is a house the Peter Eisenman designed and
built in 1932, the “House II” is also located in Vermont. The house
is placed on a hilltop that is 100 acres long, the “House II” also
enormous because it spreads twenty miles in 3 different directions. Peter
Eisenman vision was to make the “House II” look like it had the
presence of tree because there were not any tree around the area.  One of Peter Eisenman’s ways of creating a
design is that he likes to use walls and columns, the Falk House also has a lot
of walls and columns in the structure as well. Peter Eisenman “extended
the spatiality implicit in the conventions of architectural drawing through
newly formed attitudes to seriality, media and geometry”, this was mainly
reflected through the designation of house II.

The IBA social housing in
Berlin, West Germany was designed by Peter Eisenman and the process of
constructing it was carried out through the period of 1981 to 1985. There were
several reasons for the development of this particular site. The first goal of
the development was to reveal the history and memories of the site. The second
reason for the improvement and expansion was to acknowledge that Berlin was
“the crossroads of every place and no place”. The ground that this
structure was designed on became an archaeological site due to the absent city
wall which existed since the 18th century, “the foundation walls of the
19th century”, also the remnants of the 20th-century grid “as
projected in the vertical walls of the existing buildings”.

One of Peter Eisenman books
that has been published is called tracing Eisenman which is one of many books
that have been released on Peter Eisenman. This book talks about all of
Eisenman project; for example, Peter Eisenman most common projects that are
spoken of are the houses that he designed and created. (House I, House II,
House III, House IV, House VI, House X). 
“However, in the 1977 edition, Eisenman began the sentence with
‘The diagrams for House VI are symbiotic with its reality; the house is
not?…?.” (‘House VI’, Progressive Architecture, 58 (June, 1977), p.
59″. This shows that Peter Eisenman had a special connection between his
drawings and his projects, he also allows the reader to think that this
sentence stated by Peter Eisenman give the pictures a critical matter relating
to architecture.

Space
and place

Peter Eisenman used the space
he had to build his projects wisely because his projects are huge and they are
very spacious. Peter Eisenman has built and created beautiful projects all over
the world; each project has its meaning which is related to Peter Eisenman, he
also uses these projects to convey a message to the public. Peter Eisenman made
a lot of projects all over the world, but his most common projects are to
create art studios and related things, all over the world.     

Space and place are how space
is used in a building, and it is also how space and the place are used. Space
and place consist of how much area you have used and how you have used, an
example of this can be the Cardinals stadium that was designed by Peter
Eisenman. The stadium is very spacious because of it very big because it can
seat a lot of people in it. The way that Peter Eisenman used the space in the
stadium is to seat over 68,000 people to watch football, and the seating
numbers can be expanded to 73,000 seats depending on the event that is being
held at the cardinal’s stadium. Another reason on why Peter Eisenman made the
stadium like this is too attract people all over the world to see the great
shape and size of the stadium, and of course to watch national football as well.
Peter Eisenman used the space well to design the stadium because the stadium is
massive. Another smart move by Peter Eisenman was that he placed the stadium in
the middle of the car park which would make it easier for the spectators to
access the stadium. The car park is enormous as well which can hold up to
14,000 cars.

Another project that Eisenman
designed was called the Bruges concert hall competition, and it was built
between the years of 1998-1999, the Bruges concert hall is located in Belgium.
The Bruges concert hall is vast, which can seat a lot of people but not as much
as the cardinal stadium. Peter Eisenman has used this space to build a concert
hall, and the shape of the concert hall is very bizarre and unique. The
building shape is linking to the form of the waves of the sea and of the land
which shows the resistance of earth to water.

The following figure is an
axonometric drawing of Peter Eisenman house II:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Creation

Rem Koolhaas was a very
talented architect who started teaching his career as an architect by teaching
at Cornell University, while teaching at Cornell University Rem Koolhaas met
“Oswald Mathias Ungers and Collin Rowe”, the two architects rivalry
attracted lots of other students and people to the architectural exchange. But
over time Rem Koolhaas started studying and following the footsteps of Oswald
Mathias Ungers because Rem Koolhaas was interested in urban form. After
studying with Oswald Mathias Ungers, Koolhaas moved to Cornell where he taught
an urban theory which wasn’t far off from the principles of architecture. He
then enhanced his knowledge from studying with Oswald by “being aware of
the culture of the modern movement in recent architecture”. His mentor
Oswald Mathias Ungers recognised the talent of Rem Koolhaas and introduced him
to work at “the institute for architecture and urban studies”, which
was directed and founded by Peter Eisenman. After spending some time working
peter Eisenman, Rem Koolhaas understood the architecture of the past
quarter-century, so he and two others established the office for
metropolitan.   

Koolhaas got his skills and
information from his tutor Oswald Mathias Ungers which give Koolhaas brilliant
ideas to create new designs of buildings, an example of Rem Koolhaas’s building
can be the CCTV headquarters which is located in China, the building was built
on the 16 May 2012. The CCTV headquarters is a 234-meter high skyscraper; the
CCTV headquarters is used to broadcast TV to the people in China. Rem Koolhaas
stated that the CCTV headquarters couldn’t be built or designed by the Chinese
because of its large shape and size. Rem Koolhaas wasn’t trying to portrait the
CCTV headquarter building to be a tall building because he dislikes tall
buildings because he said they are boring, instead he was trying to show the
loop in the building which gives the people of China a three-dimensional
experience of the building which makes more interesting.

There are many reasons that
Rem Koolhaas designed the CCTV headquarters in a specific way. One reason that
he stated in an interview was that he didn’t want the Chinese people to be left
out so he provided them with an English channel through the CCTV headquarters
so that they could interact more with other English countries and other people
from around the world.      

Space
and place

Rem Koolhaas used the land he
had to build the projects that he designed, Koolhaas thought very wisely about
because all of Koolhaas projects are well built and spacious. Koolhaas has
developed a lot of projects all over the world, and each building has its
purpose. Most of the buildings that were designed are similar to an office so
they will be tall. An example of his work can be the Seattle central library
which is very large a spacious area because it is 11 stories high and holds up
to 1.5 million books, the library has an excellent shape which attracts people
from all over the world to see its fantastic shape and size.

The following
figure is the CCTV headquarters which is located in china:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Paul Rudolph was born on the
23 October 1918 in Kentucky; a year later got a bachelor degree in studying
architecture from Alabama Polytechnic Institute, where he studied there from
1935 to 1940. But the bachelor degree wasn’t enough for Paul Rudolph. He had an
excellent mindset to get far in life and was very motivated to succeed. Paul
Rudolph was a very quiet teacher with a lot of talent, but his drawings and his
architecture spoke for them self. In 1941 Paul Rudolph made to Harvard, but six
months later he was moved to the army to fight in World War 2, after the war he
was selected to take a master’s degree in Harvard because of his ambition to
succeed. After graduating in 1947, he then moved to Europe in 1949 to ask about
a new way of architecture which is called “Walter Gropius et son
Ecole”, which was the start of modernising America.

Like Peter Eisenman, Paul
Rudolph developed his exquisite style through the first year of his career by
designing and building houses. He created a lot of outstanding homes in Florida
before elected as the head of architecture at “Yale University” at
the age of 39. An example of one of Paul’s houses was the Healy Beach Cottage
which was located in Florida; the cottage was built between the years 1948
-1950. The house was designed to be a single story house with an open plan for
two people; the cottage is located next to a river next to
“Sarasota”. While studying, Paul Rudolph was very keen on making a
fusion of industry and architecture, and he would do this by using modernised
materials and structures.

Another project that was
designed by Paul Rudolph and Ralph Twitchell was a senior high school that was
built in 1957, same as the Healy Beach Cottage the senior high school is
located in “Sarasota” as well. The high school was made on 27
hectares; also the school had classrooms on both sides of the building which
has a corridor that leads to the library, gym and more. The school was built
with concrete slabs and pillars that were painted white; the columns used to
help the children to know what direction to go in while walking around the
school.

Space
and place     

The way Paul Rudolph used the
space he was given to build his project was to help the people around the area,
for example, the senior school, Paul Rudolph designed the high school so that
the kids nearby can have a proper education because Paul Rudolph was once a
very ambitious student himself. The high school is enormous and spacious as it
can accommodate more than 1000 students and is 27 hectares long. The perimeter
of the school is a big green field which will allow the kids to play without
hurting themselves.

Conclusion

The comparison between peter Eisenman
and Paul Rudolph was that Peter Eisenman designed more modern projects such as
his houses II, whereas the architect Paul Rudolph was more of an ancient style
architect compared to peter Eisenman because he used an ancient style in his
work which made the project unusual but unique as well. But still they are good
architects till this very day as their projects have become famous landmarks
and they still attract tourist from all over the world. Last but not least, all
3 of the architects had successful projects in their own ways.