According beings, many others also considered machines

According to Kant, being a
“person” turns the human being into an end in itself, that is, into
someone who can not be used as a means to obtain another end, and who,
therefore, deserves respect. Correspondingly, he stated: “thus once the
germ on which nature has lavished the most care – man’s inclination and
vocation to think freely – have you developed within this hard shell, it
gradually reacts upon the mentality of the people. Eventually, it even
influences the principles of governments, which find that they can profit by
treating man (sic), who is more than a machine, in a manner appropriate to his
dignity. ” This makes the value of every person absolute; that is, a value
in itself.

Many thinkers, like Descartes who
believed that it was possible for machines to have experiences like human
beings, many others also considered machines to be something much bigger than
humans. Others considered humans to be a part of a huge machine, making
machines look like something much bigger and more capable than humans
themselves. For instance, Karl Marx stated that “Like every other instrument
for increasing the productivity of labor, machinery is intended to cheapen
commodities and, by shortening the part of the working day in which the worker
works for himself, to lengthen the other part, the part he gives to the
capitalist for nothing. The machine is a means for producing surplus-value”
(Marx 1992). In other words, it wasn’t really about the reduction of effort
from the workers, but rather the optimization of the exploitation by using
machinery for production processes. However, I personally consider that this is
not the case.

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Although machinery can be
brilliant when it comes to job specialization, it is very limited
intellectually. These tools are not capable of transferring and applying what
they have learned to other different scenarios or situations that might catch
them off guard. In contrast, humans can adapt, use logic, creativity,
ingenuity, and reason in almost any situation no matter how strange or new it
might be. For example, during childhood, a child has not fully developed his
intellectual and rational skills, but he is able to learn, identify and relate
objects, to recognize animal sounds and therefore is capable of applying what
he learned from one scenario to another no matter how different they are.

Machines are not able to do this remotely without being previously programmed
or “trained” by a human to do each task. In addition, to us, humans,
consciousness provides a subjective world where we can think and feel, perceive
images and sounds, tastes, and smells, by which we have come to know and
perceive the world around us. We are able to consciously choose the way to the
solution of the problems that we encounter, but it is impossible to talk about
consciousness when it comes to machines. In other words, machines are a set of
particular or specific human processes which are conceptualized, reproduced and
then implemented. Thus, many machines could not function properly, or at all,
without the intervention of an individual who makes use of it; just like an
alarm, for example. There is no machine that is capable to act or reason on its
own.