Additionally, the upper class seem to be superior in terms of education quality as well and thereby, allowing them to become more aware of illnesses and diseases in order to avoid activities which may cause them. They are wealthy, can afford the best education possible for their children and can attend highly ranked universities. This can highlighted in a study carried out by Silles (2009) in which she finds a clear correlation between the level of education one receives and the relation this has on health. She states that “While education is generally recognized to play a direct and powerful role in enhancing health conditions, health improvements may be simply driven primarily by income rather than education. The overall economic status of individuals may dominate health outcomes. Education may therefore enhance health by raising incomes. If education increases expected lifetime earnings, an individual with more years of schooling has a greater incentive to engage in fewer health-reducing activities which might limit his earnings capacity by making him ill in the future”. This clearly presents a clear link between education and health in that better access to higher quality education, which the upper class can afford, will most likely lead to better access to quality healthcare and also, becoming more aware of the actions that can lead to illness and diseases. These factors broaden health inequalities between the classes.
The upper class also known as the wealthiest and most privileged group in the UK, have the uppermost status in society, with higher salary and influence in the community. In terms of geographical location, they are concentrated in the most expensive areas in the UK and this can have an impact on the quality of the house they live in with the likelihood being that they enjoy the luxuries if this world more than the other classes. Focusing on the impact this can have on health, upper class people have better opportunity for greater private and public healthcare because they can get better access without a waiting list for NHS as they have opportunity for private health clinics which offer them an advantage over the rest of the classes and they also they have a lot of opportunity to travel out of the country to get better health care. As Marianna Fotaki and Wacquant (2010 and 2006) argue “It is not a utilitarian theory of social action, in which individuals consciously strategies to accumulate wealth, status, or power, but about social existence as difference, implying hierarchy…of distinction and pretention, recognition and misrecognition, arbitrariness and necessity”. Hence, the author argues that the implementation of hierarchy and location can lead to inequality in healthcare access and quality. This clearly highlights that the more ‘wealthy’ class have a better chance to combat illness and disease when you have access to quality healthcare that the upper class seem to enjoy.
Socio-economic is how an individual’s financial activity is related to do a social process that they live in this clearly highlighted in Braham and Janes(2002 cite in Larkin Mary 20011). Furthermore, health is the ability of physical, social and mental wellbeing and the absence of be free from diseases and illness (Mosby’s Medical Dictionary, 9th ed.2009). Also health depends on various factors which include personal choices, access to health services and the external environment. Hence, an overview of social class systems that have been researched will be provided as well as describing approaches and recommendations.
The objective of this essay is to explain how socio-economic class and social situation can have an impact on an individual’s health on people from the upper class, middle class and working class. Socio-economic factors have a massive impact in society and the world around us. Things such as geographical location, education status, employment and income level will be scrutinised to see whether they have an effect on a person’s health.