Backbone strength of economy of any nation depends on
its education. The underdeveloped countries fail to develop strong policies
regarding education and that’s why they are suffering in the world. Though
Pakistan has more than 2 and half lack educational institutes for more than 2
billion student yet there is still need of more.
Educational institutes are of two types; one is public
and other is private. Pakistan has almost two lack public schools and 1 lack
private schools. Pakistan is running these schools with the help of 1.5M
So in general, Pakistan has 31% private institutes and
69 % government institutes. So ratio of public sectors is more.
If we talk about infrastructure of our
educational system it is almost like the system of British ones. At very first
level we have Kindergarten, Nursery, and Prep that are basically part of Pre
School education designed for children of 3 to 5 years. After 5 years, children
are promoted to primary schooling consists of class 1 to 5. According to a
survey we have only 80% children who finish their primary schooling each year.
After completion of primary levels, students are promoted to secondary
schooling consists of grade 6 to 10. The teachings and way of communication of
subjects in schools depends on the school’s nature as we have two types of
schooling, one is English medium and other is Urdu medium. It only depends on
public and private nature of institute. A school day starts
with 20 minute assembly in which students praise to Allah and say National
Anthem. Then up to 2 pm students are required to take continuous classes with
the exception of 30 minutes break.
Before promotion to Bachelors Education,
students are required to give Board of Intermediate examinations for class 9th
and 10th. After passing exams with good marks students are promoted
to inter and bachelors level education for specialized education.
Subjects taught in schools generally include Math,
Science, Islamiyat, English, Urdu Adab, Arts up to 5th grade. After
5th grade nature of subjects changes to Math, Physics, Chemistry,
Urdu, English and Pakistan Studies. 9th and 10th grade
provides option of studying Biology group, Computer group and Arts group. Mostly
curriculum books are in English language but books like Urdu, Pakistan Studies
and Islamiyat are also available in Urdu language. Some private British nature
schools also offer A levels and O levels.
In Pakistan’s Educational System, Government
institutes specially schools are such institutes who enjoys very less support
from Government especially in terms of finance. In terms of Gross Domestic
Product, only 2 to 2.3 % budget allocates on education each year. Budget spends
on upkeep of Army is also more than that on education. . Less financial support have resulted in a poor
performance and pathetic condition of these institutes.
40 % of the government educational institutes are even
deprived of basic facility of electricity and water .They don’t even have
washrooms. Worst case is this that they don’t have even boundary wall. Students
their do not even enjoy tables, chairs and sit on muddy floor. Teaches are not
even provided with blackboards to write on.
Private schools on other hand provides a
conducive environment for learnings. They provide all facilities of tables,
chairs, white boards, fans, coolers etc. Some schools even provide facility of
air conditions to their students. They own best facilitate environment that
includes libraries, different laboratories, computer labs and qualified
teachers. People consider it better to have their children admitted in such
schools. Private schooling is also gradually becoming a status symbol because
they provide an environment for mastering English language which is definitely
useful for making career in world.
Dilemma is that private education is
facilitating only the rich children, they don’t possess any facility for poor.
Due to which society is facing an unbalancing environment. Poor is becoming
only poorer. Such schools should open few seats for poor ones’ where they can
enjoy equal standards of education.
According to 2011 survey, we stand on 189th
number among world literacy ranking. There are many reasons for such low
literacy rate. We have male dominating society who don’t prefer their girls to
get educate. We have feudal lord system in our rural areas who don’t let their
population aware of importance of education. Moreover rural areas also don’t
possess much schools. We also have population expansion and unemployment.
People are very poor here and which is the biggest cause of such low literacy
The poor does not have money to bear the
education expense of their children. They prefer to keep their children in
homes or on work so that they can help them. Some people are even so poor that
they send children to Orphanage or centers providing free care or left them on
roads alone. Poverty also causes some bright students to leave their studies
and work for their family food. That’s why child labor is increasing day by day.
Lack of Government interest towards educational development is
also a factor contributing towards such low literacy rate. Some schools also
have Political influence which is main cause of poor performance of institute.
Such schools don’t provide fair results and their examination system also
contains loop holes. This is actually the case with many government schools.
That’s why today we are not having any alternative of Jinnah and Iqbal.
Gender discrimination is also a cause. As our society loves
their sons more so some parents don’t sent their girls to schools. They only
focus on education and development of their sons. Girls are neglected in many
parts of our country. Girls are 6% percent less in ratio in schools.
Sometimes this also
happens that school locates at a distant place. It becomes very difficult for
people to travel to school. Some people also don’t have any resources to travel.
Family problems are also a cause of illiteracy. If parents are illiterate, they
would not want their child to get educate. They will prefer the same source of
earning for their children as they have. Moreover our youth have lost interest
in education too. They keep themselves busy in mobile phones, video games,
computers etc. and waste their valuable time. They don not make any good of
education they are receiving.
Most important part of any educational institute are its teachers.
Teachers are the personality developers. But a sad fact is that no one is
paying attention towards the proper building of their personality and also of
In Pakistan, the most unattractive
and underpaid profession is teaching.
Salaries provided to teachers even in private sectors are very fewer in
they are unable to live a reasonable life. This creates an impact of
demotivation in them. This doesn’t
encourage them to teach their students with full devotion and that’s why they don’t
perform their duty effectively. This greatly affects the quality of education
of an institute.
There are also many issues with personality of principals or founders of
schools. They fail to achieve the purpose of school. They lack the ability of
staff coordination and staff training. They don’t treat their staff on equal
levels, rather they own a sense of superiority over them. Due to which sometimes verbal war starts in
institutes. Sometimes teachers don’t take their classes in revenge. This
ultimately affects the quality of education and student suffers.
Some schools don’t have proper procedure of work due to lack of
administration power. Administration fails to instruct teachers properly due to
which teachers don’t know the proper procedure of teaching. There are also some
schools who don’t appoint proper number of teaching staff which forces teachers
in those schools to take more burden of classes then they are required of. This
leads to their physical discomfort and hampers the quality of education.
Moreover teachers are required to cover a huge syllabus in short time. In order
to cover the quantity of education, quality of education somewhere remains
behind and don’t even let teachers to focus on personality grooming of students
which is basic purpose.
is having a same syllabus and curriculum since decades which is also a big
dilemma of our education system. Curriculum and syllabus is bases and foundation
of any education institute. This is something which should vary according to new
researches and world standards and should not be stagnant. We have such low
literacy rate and children who are getting education they are not learning
anything according to modern world standards. Today we are learning same
syllabus which our parents’ even grandparent used to learn and this is a real point
are fed up of following the same curriculum because it does not have anything
new and that’s why many students prefer to study abroad.
Effects of illiteracy
on society are terrible. Success of a country depends on its strong educational
policies. Where there will be more illiteracy, there will be less success.
We have Article 25-A
ordinance in constitution of 2010 regarding providing free education. According
to ordinance, it is duty of Government to provide free education to children
from grade 1 to 10. Moreover parents do not have to bear any expense regarding
education of their children and government will ensure the presence of all
children in schools.
According to Dr Kozue, Pakistan is
making a slow progress towards education development.
According to Mrs. Razina Alam, we have
57000000 illiterates in our country which also includes 24000000 out of school
children. Government is making day and night efforts for improving this
No doubt that our government is making efforts and also
providing free education but the thing is same that environment of government schools
is not conductive for learning. Basic facilities are absent. Moreover these
Government institutes are limited only to certain area. There are still such
areas in Pakistan who don’t have an instance of school yet. Government should also impose very
strict laws forcing every parent to send their child to school. When each and
every child will get education, society will improve accordingly.
To improve our standards of education we need
to spend more on it so Government should allocate high budget on it. Moreover highly
devoted and skillful faculty should be hired in schools. There should be proper
sessions indulging a sense of responsibility among teachers and principals. Moreover
extracurricular activities should be promoted side by side along studies to
invoke student’s interest in schools. Islam promotes education. There should
also be such sessions which make students aware of the very fact that how much
education is important for their religion as well as for their life. Today western world is
progressing day and night. This is happening only due to their strong
educational policies and advancements.
societies like us education is the matter of life and death. Terrorism is
common in our society and people who are involved in this are mostly
illiterate. Illiterate mind cannot think anything reasonable. Uproot of
extremism only requires proper knowledge and education. People should be aware
of what is right and what is wrong. Moreover an illiterate person cannot find
any reasonable job to earn and that is why he looks for shortcuts of earning
money. He will do any kind of unethical thing to earn his living.
Pakistan is lucky to have biggest youth power. Only need is to direct
their energies and minds toward right direction. Our education system can be
improve a lot by taking only few minor steps. Our youth has much high dreams
and we can fulfill them by providing them with little resources. If we will
fail in doing this then millions of people will suffer. Their dreams and
potentials will be broken and will opt a dangerous shape.
If youth is provided
with proper education they deserve, they will set forth the country on the road