Defining Moments In Canadian HistoryIn the 20th century, Canada had seen numerable events, fights and tough decisions that we call defining moments. These important events and actions are what make Canada a strong, independent and loved country today. Canada’s successes and achievements have come from the brave patriots and other visionaries who made Canada a much more stronger country. Events such as Vimy Ridge, D-day, and creation of Canadian flag all assisted defining Canada as a nation. The battle of Vimy Ridge assisted in defining Canada as a nation because it brought the world acceptance of bravery and also made Canada an independent and true nation. The battle of Vimy Ridge took place at 5:30 a.m. on Easter Monday, 1917. It was a battle strictly between the Canadian allies and Germans. The triple entente alliance led by Great Britain went to help allies. During WW1, Canada was a British colony. To help Britain, the Prime Minister of Canada, Robert Borden sent 30,000 soldiers to the fight. France had tried to win the battle for three years but they were not successful. After three days of fighting, the Canadians forces were finally successful in gaining ground on the Germans. This showed other nations around the world that Canada had a strong and brilliant military. The victory of the Vimy Ridge battle brought pride to many Canadians soldiers. Pearson said, “It was the birth of a nation,” during a speech at Vimy in April 1967. He continued, “We should recognize the one event which, above all others, made it a nation.” (Edmiston,2017 pg 3).In conclusion, this battle helped Canada become its own free independent country so without the battle of Vimy Ridge Canada would still be a British colony. Secondly, D-day assisted in defining Canada as a nation because this battle showed Canada as an extremely powerful country and should not be underestimated. The Normandy Landings, better known as D-Day, is the largest invasion in History. D-day occurred on June 6th, 1944. The invasion of Northwest Europe was between the allied forces and Axis. The objective was to rescue Europe from German control. 14,000 Canadians troops arrived at Juno Beach, where they made it on land before any of the other allies. The military administrator gave Canada the main role to take one of the five designated beaches on D-Day. The Americans had Utah and Omaha beaches, then came Britain at Gold and Sword, and finally Canadians at Juno Beach. Juno beach was the second most strongly defended beach at Normandy during the Allied Invasion. “We had no idea what we were getting into,” said Moar. “But we were ready for anything. We considered ourselves the best.”(Foot,2006, pg. 4).14,000 young Canadians stormed Juno Beach on D-Day. Their bravery, self-sacrifice, and determination were the main reasons for the success of Juno Beach. The battle was hard and threatening. The battle cost 340 Canadians lives and another 574 wounded. “We made mistakes. We weren’t all heroes,” Copp argued. “But on balance, the achievement was absolutely enormous.”(Foot, 2016, pg11). The well planned and complete attack on Juno Beach was a remarkable success for Canadians troops. The victory over Juno Beach helped Canada to build nationalism and also gained international recognition. The Canadians were highly respected for their contribution. Finally, the creation of Canadian flag assisted defining Canada as a nation because it showed that Canada was an independent country and helped Canada by showing its separation from Britain. It also provided Canadian Unity. Creating the Canadian flag was a long and boring process. Canada did not have its own national flag before 1965. Canada used to use Red Ensign. As Canada gained independence, the government of Canada noticed how their attachment to Britain was affecting them. Canada used to get dragged by Britain into many decisions. In July 1964, the Canadian Prime Minister, Lester.B.Pearson brought up the concept of getting its own Canadian flag. He believed that the Canadian flag would truly reflect and indicate a new Canada. The key member of the 15-person panel, Liberal Member of Parliament John Matheson said that they, “were asked to produce a flag for Canada and in six weeks!”. (Hunter,2015-02-4, The Toronto Star). Together, about 59,000 entries were sent to Ottawa. Finally, Stanley’s design featured a single maple leaf on a white background. It was surrounded by the two red bars on the left and right sides. On January 28, 1965 the flag was accepted by Queen Elizabeth II. In conclusion, because it created patriotic feelings and gives us a sense of independence, the selection of Canadian flag is remembered as one of the most “defining” moments in Canadian History. In conclusion, the battle of Vimy Ridge brought the world recognition and also helped Canada to build nationalism. It also made Canada stand out as a nation. The Invasion of Normandy was the turning point to end the WW2. I believed that the D-DAY battle was the deciding factor to show that Canada is an extremely powerful country. The creation of Canadian flag was as important as D-DAY Battle and Vimy Ridge battle because the Canadian flag gave us a national identity and also a sense of independence and no longer British Colony. All these events had a great significance to shape the nation we are today. Instead of doing nothing, we should have a moment of silence for the patriots who lost their lives fighting the war.