Intro: Tennessee Williams’s play The Glass Menagerie,

Intro: Women, with a common dream of love, played a strong role in Tennessee Williams’s play The Glass Menagerie, and  Zora Neale Hurston’s novel Their Eyes Were Watching God. The characters of Laura and Janie, who both had the same dream but very different outcomes, wanted the same thing. They wanted to be loved and accepted by a man.. Thesis: Although in these works the authors gave the women dreams of love, it’s the love that they longed for that led to them being lonely.Love is a dream for Janie and Laura. Love is an “intense feeling of deep affection.”(according to dictionary.com) A dream is “a strongly desired goal or purpose” (according to merriam webster) Many women like Janie and Laura think that they need love in their life in order to feel like they are happy. This thought clouds their mind and causes them to see that the only thing they need is the acceptance or love of a man and it ends up that they are both alone but in very different ways.Observation 1: Laura believes that she is different, and her family knows it. She thinks the only way she could be pretty or normal is if someone loved her, but thought that no one could love her because of who she was. Evidence: “(in a tone of frightened apology): “I’m crippled!”” Analysis: This is a time when Laura thinks that she is so different from everyone else that she is frightened. Amanda was talking about how Laura is going to marry a nice man and Laura doesn’t think that is possible because of the fact that she is unique. She thinks no man could ever love her. Evidence: “TOM: Mother, you mustn’t expect too much of Laura AMANDA: What do you mean? TOM: Laura seems all those things to you and me because she’s ours and we love her. We don’t even notice she’s crippled any more”.Analysis: It doesn’t help Laura feel that she is worth more than she thinks when her family has conversations like this behind her back. They don’t even think that she will get the love she wants. They want to set her up with anyone willing to look past her being “crippled” Evidence: Laura: “It isn’t a flood, it’s not a tornado, Mother. I’m just not popular like you were in Blue Mountain.”Analysis: Laura feel like an outcast that will never find love because of the expectations that her mother has set for her based on what happened to her when she was her age. Laura Observation: Jim breaks her heart and Laura thinks that there is no point in trying againEvidence “LAURA: But blue is wrong for – roses…JIM: It’s right for you ! – You’re – pretty !LAURA: In what respect am I pretty?JIM: In all respects – believe me ! Your eyes – your hair are pretty! Your hands are pretty !…””He suddenly turns her about and kisses her on the lips.When he releases her, LAURA sinks on the sofa with a bright, dazed look.”Analysis.This is the one time she feel like she is capable of being loved. In this moment when he calls her beautiful and she sits there happy. She gets a taste of the love and the life she has been dreaming of and he rips that away from her. He leaves her broken.Evidence: “LAURA bends over the candles. Tom says: for nowadays the world is lit by lightning ! Blow out your candles, Laura – and so good-bye.She blows the candles out.”Analysis:  Light symbolizes hope and love. This is the time after Jim had “broken her horn and her heart” you can assume that by now Laura is feeling abandoned and broken just like her unicorn. So by her blowing out her candles she is basically blowing out the hope of achieving her dream of the love she wanted.Tennessee Williams did this to show how fragile women can be and how men like Jim can prey upon that for personal gain.Observation: Janie is so desperate for love that she will let herself be treated badlyEvidence “So you don’t want to marry off decent like, do yuh? You just wants to hug and kiss and feel around with first one man and then another, huh? You wants to make me suck de same sorrow yo’ mama did, eh? Mah ole head ain’t gray enough. Mali back ain’t bowed enough to suit yuh!”Analysis: All of her love problems started because she wanted a connection with a man, who happened to be johnny taylor. Granny wanted her to have “protection” and forced her to marry Logan Killocks but what really happened was that her dream started to die.Evidence: :”Finally out of Nanny’s talk and her own conjectures she made a sort of comfort for herself. Yes, she would love Logan after they were married. She could see no way for it to come about, but Nanny and the old folks had said it, so it must be so. Husbands and wives always loved each other, and that was what marriage meant. It was just so. Janie felt glad of the thought, for then it wouldn’t seem so destructive and mouldy. She wouldn’t be lonely anymore.”Analysis She did not want to marry him but did it anyway because she thinks that she can learn to love him. That if she gets married she will get the love she wants because a husband and wife love each other. She was sadly mistaken because at the end of this chapter it says “She knew now that marriage did not make love. Janie’s first dream was dead, so she became a woman”Evidence She stayed with him even though she was treated badly. One day he said  “Don’t you change too many words wid me dis mawnin’, Janie, do Ah’ll take and change ends wid yuh! Heah, Ah just as good as take you out de white folks’ kitchen and set you down on yo’ royal diasticutis and you take and low-rate me! Ah’ll take holt uh dat ax and come in dere and kill yuh! You better dry up in dere! Ah’m too honest and hard-workin’ for anybody in yo’ family, dat’s de reason you don’t want me!”Analysis: Things had been going south in the relationship for a while and when Janie tries to defend herself she is threatened. I think this is a moment that they knew it was over. She had given up her dream and she couldn’t do it anymore. So when someone new and exciting came into town she jumped at the opportunity to keep her dream alive again.Evidence: Her dream was revived for a little bit by Joe Starks but it went south fast. “This business of the head-rag irked her endlessly. But Jody was set on it. Her hair was NOT going to show in the store. It didn’t seem sensible at all. That was because Joe never told Janie how jealous he was. He never told her how often he had seen the other men figuratively wallowing in it as she went about things in the store. And one night he had caught Walter standing behind Janie and brushing the back of his hand back and forth across the loose end of her braid ever so lightly so as to enjoy the feel of it without Janie knowing what he was doing. Joe was at the back of the store and Walter didn’t see him. He felt like rushing forth with the meat knife and chopping off the offending hand. That night he ordered Janie to tie up her hair around the store. That was all. She was there in the store for him to look at, not those others. But he never said things like that. It just wasn’t in him”Analysis He quickly started to control her and silence her. He took away her freedoms in a way and she let him do it. She had a hope that she and him could have the love that she dreamed of but she quickly had that hope beaten out of her.Evidence  “Janie was a good cook, and Joe had looked forward to his dinner as a refuge from other things. So when the bread didn’t rise, and the fish wasn’t quite done at the bone, and the rice was scorched, he slapped Janie until she had a ringing sound in her ears and told her about her brains before he stalked on back to the store. Janie stood where he left her for unmeasured time and thought. She stood there until something fell off the shelf inside her. Then she went inside there to see what it was. It was her image of Jody tumbled down and shattered. But looking at it she saw that it never was the flesh and blood figure of her dreams”Analysis The thing that Nanny had never wanted for Janie had happened. She was now just falling apart on the inside and the hope for her and Joe was gone, but while looking at her crumbling dream she found some hope. She found some words of love for a man she had never seen but would soon come along. A man named TeaCake Observation: Janie and TeaCake had the love she dreamed of, and even though Janie lost him, he was the love of her life and the love she wanted all along, she was finally fulfilled even after his death. Evidence “Tea Cake and Janie gone hunting. Tea Cake and Janie gone fishing. Tea Cake and Janie gone to Orlando to the movies. Tea Cake and Janie gone to a dance. Tea Cake making flower beds in Janie’s yard and seeding the garden for her. Chopping down that tree she never did like by the dining room window. All those signs of possession. Tea Cake in a borrowed car teaching Janie to drive. Tea Cake and Janie playing checkers; playing coon-can; playing Florida flip on the store porch all afternoon as if nobody else was there. Day after day and week after week.”Analysis This is what Janie wanted all along. This is the love she waited for and she finally found it. She quickly forgets about all the bad things that have happened and just starts living.Evidence “”We goin’ on de muck.” “Whut’s de muck, and where is it at?” “Oh down in de Everglades round Clewiston and Belle Glade where dey raise all dat cane and string-beans and tomatuhs. Folks don’t do nothin’ down dere but make money and fun and foolishness. We must go dere.” He drifted off into sleep and Janie looked down on him and felt a self-crushing love. So her soul crawled out from its hiding place.” Analysis She decides to leave her past behind and start a new life with TeaCake and she finally gets to use those words she has been saving in her heart. She has her hope back. In her paradise, or the muck, she is truly happy and thriving. Until a hurricane comes and changes everything. Evidence “Then she continued on. The dog stood up and growled like a lion, stiff standing hackles, stiff muscles, teeth uncovered as he lashed up his fury for the charge. Tea Cake split the water like an otter, opening his knife as he dived. The dog raced down the backbone of the cow to the attack and Janie screamed and slipped far back on the tail of the cow, just out of reach of the dog’s angry jaws. He wanted to plunge in after her but dreaded the water, somehow. Tea Cake rose out of the water at the cow’s rump and seized the dog by the neck. But he was a powerful dog and Tea Cake was over-tired. So he didn’t kill the dog with one stroke as he had intended. But the dog couldn’t free himself either. They fought and somehow he managed to bite Tea Cake high up on his cheek-bone once”Analysis TeaCake did everything he could for Janie. He loved her so much he risked his life and in the end it was bad for him. The bite turns to be deadly in the worst way possible. Evidence  “He paid no more attention to the pointing gun than if it were Janie’s dog finger. She saw him stiffen himself all over as he leveled and took aim. The fiend in him must kill and Janie was the only thing living he saw. The pistol and the rifle rang out almost together. The pistol just enough after the rifle to seem its echo.” Analysis After this she has nothing left. She is put on trial and then heads home, but not with her head held low.Evidence “Of course he wasn’t dead. He could never be dead until she herself had finished feeling and thinking. The kiss of his memory made pictures of love and light against the wall. Here was peace.”Analysis This is what you think would be the very end of her dream, but it is just the opposite. Even though he is gone she still has their love. She will always have their love.Zora Neal Hurston had Janie go through all these relationships to show that you should not settle for anything less than what you dream of and what you deserve. Observation: Tennessee Williams had Laura end up alone but she was broken by a man, but Hurston also had Janie alone but she had her self love (author male vs female)Evidence “She blows the candles out.”Analysis Tennessee Williams thinks that because the love that Laura had with Jim is over that now her life is basically over. He could have had her accept herself and learn that she doesn’t want to be treated like second choice, but he doesn’t. He leaves it with her soul dying because a man doesn’t love her.Evidence “She pulled in her horizon like a great fish-net. Pulled it from around the waist of the world and draped it over her shoulder. So much of life in its meshes! She called in her soul to come and see.”Analysis: Hurston has the attitude that you should be glad that it happened not sad because it’s over. She lets Janie appreciate the time she had with the man she loves instead of regret the fact that she loved him.  Even though both authors had these women end up alone only one of them was truly lonelyConclusion: In the end they both ended up without a man to love them, but the difference is that Janie got experience it. She got to experience the love that they both wanted even though it ended badly. She learned to accept the fact that you don’t need someone there in order to be loved because you can feel that love by loving yourself. Laura, however, let Jim take the light inside of her with him by giving him the broken unicorn, She blew out the light inside of her and will never be able to get that fire that Janie had inside of herself. She will stay lonely. The authors showed the two sides of ending up alone. Williams showed that if your love is gone then you will be broken and dead on the inside and on the other side Hurston showed that a woman can be alone after her love is gone and still have happiness and joy in her.  These women had dreams of being loved by men but all they needed was to love themselves.