Speaking, like any
other skills, can be learned. This study is anchored on the belief that all
individuals are capable of mastering speaking skills and can use this skill
(among others) to fully function in a society. This communication principle is
the rationale behind the inclusion of Oral Communication in the General
Education Curriculum in higher education and now in the Senior High.
Oral communication shapes and in one way or
another, controls our society. Thonssen as cited in King (2006) claimed that
Rhetoric (one important field of Oral Communication) is an instrument that has
functional value in social order. In fact, Leonard Cox (1899), in his book The
Arte or Crafte of Rhetorike, argued that it can be used by educators,
prosecutors in courtrooms, princes and ambassadors, teachers of God and even by
those people who have something to propose to an assembly. Oral communication
is powerful and influential that it can be integrated in different disciplines.
It is true that speaking is a means by which people live together more
effectively and harmoniously and that it is an indispensable instrument of
social adaptation and cooperative living.
the vast application and importance of Oral Communication in society, it is
then no doubt that Oral Communication was an important General Education
curriculum, and is now included to the new K+12 policy. According to
academicians “It is the province of speech training to see that our speech is
adequate to communicate efficiently under ever changing and expanding conditions.”
(Weaver and Ordean, 1963: 3}. Because of these changing trends in
communication, many schools are now requiring their students to enroll in
various oral communication classes. Different colleges and universities offer a
degree course on Oral Communication as a preparation for a career. Even the
United States of America has started to include this course as a prerequisite
subject for graduation as early as the eighteenth century. Senior students must
take courses in logic while freshmen were to enroll in rhetoric and elocution
classes. These developments were not only a manifestation of the qualification
the globally-competitive industries demand but also an implicit demonstration
of the integral function of Oral Communication in all aspects of the society.
and Friedrich (1999) believed that speaking and listening skills are two
essential skills that must start in the early years of life and must not stop
even when the basics of speaking have taken place. They argued that human
speaking skills must be continually modified and improved through learning of
new vocabulary, developing distinctive speaking patterns, and most importantly
discerning which “talk” can be used to achieve goals.
Given all the undeniable importance of Oral
Communication in the society, the researcher is even more curious about how to
further improve the subject now it has been transferred to the senior high
school of the K+12 curriculum. Since education is deemed crucial in directing
any nation’s stability, it is necessary that the various curricula that are
being offered in the education system of the country are probed on to
continuously enhance and cater to the specific needs of the stake holders as
well as the labor market.